See Article History Alternative Titles: When first reported in the Relations ofan annual report by the Jesuit missionaries in New Francethe Ojibwa occupied a comparatively restricted region near the St. Traditionally, each Ojibwa tribe was divided into migratory bands.
The Ojibwe are an Algonkian-speaking tribe and constitute the largest Indian group north of Mexico. The Ojibwe stretch from present-day Ontario in eastern Canada all the way into Montana.
Oral traditions of the Ojibwe, Ottawa, and Potawatomi assert that at one time all three tribes were one people who lived at the Straits of Mackinac. From there, The ojibway tribe split off into three different groups. Linguistic, archeological, and historical evidence suggests that the three tribes do indeed descend from a common ethnic origin.
The three languages are almost identical. The Ojibwe are believed to have made contact with Europeans in when the French explorer Samuel de Champlain arrived at Lake Huron, where some Ojibwe lived.
Inone of Champlain's men, Etienne Brule, explored Lake Superior and made contact with Ojibwe groups farther to the west. Many The ojibway tribe lived near the rapids of the St. Mary's River, and the French began to refer to the Ojibwe there as "Saulteaux," derived from the French word sault, or rapids.
InFrench Jesuits first visited the area of Sault Ste. Marie as they called the rapids of the St.
Mary's Riverand by had established a Christian mission there. Like other Indian groups, the Ojibwe were forced westward beginning in the s when the League of the Iroquois began to attack other tribes in the Great Lakes region to monopolize the fur trade.
The Ojibwe did not suffer as much as other tribes, however, and by the s they had won some impressive victories against the Iroquois.
Because of this the League of the Iroquois sued for peace with the French and their Indian allies in Contact with Europeans Like other Indian tribes, the Ojibwe allied themselves to the French militarily and economically. They traded with the French who entered the Great Lakes in the s, and their desire to obtain European trade goods drove the Ojibwe to expand westward into Lake Superior to find richer fur-bearing lands.
Soon, they came into contact with the Eastern, or Santee Dakota commonly known as the Sioux. During the s, the Ojibwe and Dakota began to fight over the region around the western point of Lake Superior and the headwaters of the Mississippi River in Minnesota and this war lasted until the 's.
The Ojibwe were generally successful, and they managed to push the Dakota farther west into Minnesota and North and South Dakota. Inthe Ojibwe of Lake Superior began to move inland into Wisconsin, with their first permanent village at Lac Courte Oreilles at the headwaters of the Chippewa River.
Later, the Ojibwe expanded into other parts of northern Wisconsin, particularly Lac du Flambeau. The name of this village in French means "Lake of the Flames" because the Ojibwe speared fish at night using torches attached to the end of their birchbark canoes.
The Ojibwe sided with the French during the wars that France and Britain fought between and When France lost Canada and the Midwest to the British between andthe Ojibwe did not trust their new colonial overlords.
Unlike the French, the British treated the Indians with contempt and disdain, causing an Ottawa chief at Detroit named Pontiac to lead a pan-Indian rebellion against the British in The Ojibwe at the Straits of Mackinac participated along with some Sauk by massacring the entire British army garrison there.
However, the Ojibwe of northern Wisconsin and the southern shore of Lake Superior did not join the uprising; Jean Baptiste Cadotte--a trader of French-Canadian and Ojibwe descent--urged them not to fight the British.
Their participation would probably not have done much good anyway, since the British suppressed the revolt by Afterward, the British took a more conciliatory approach to the Indians and established better relations with the tribes.
Like most Midwestern Indian groups, the Ojibwe became staunch allies of the British afterward.The Chippewa Indians, also known as the Ojibway or Ojibwe, lived mainly in Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, North Dakota, and Ontario.
They speak a form of the Algonquian language and were closely related to the Ottawa and Potawatomi Indians. Culture, history and genealogy of the Ojibway Indians (Chippewa, Ojibwe, or Anishinabe).
With a special kids' page covering art, religion, legends, recipes, and traditional customs of the Ojibwa tribe. The Ojibwe were generally successful, and they managed to push the Dakota farther west into Minnesota and North and South Dakota. The main Ojibwe settlement in Wisconsin at this time was on Madeline Island in Chequamegon Bay, Lake Superior.
Welcome to Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians. We, the Anishinabeg, the people of Odaawaa-Zaaga'iganiing, the Lac Courte Oreilles Tribe, will sustain our heritage, preserving our past, strengthening our present, and embracing our future.
Alternative Titles: Anishinaabe, Chippewa, Ojibway, Ojibwe Ojibwa, also spelled Ojibwe or Ojibway, also called Chippewa, self-name Anishinaabe, Algonquian -speaking North American Indian tribe who lived in what are now Ontario and Manitoba, Can., and Minnesota and North Dakota, U.S., from Lake Huron westward onto the Plains.
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