Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Notify me of new posts by email. August 16, admin Posted in Uncategorized Data collection is an important part of both quantitative and qualitative research. Although the actual approach to gathering information may vary, for either research design, researchers need to plan in advance how the data will be gathered, reported, and stored, and they need to ensure that their methods are both reliable and valid.
You can help by adding to it. February See also: Software law IT law does not constitute a separate area of law rather it encompasses aspects of contract, intellectual property, privacy and data protection laws.
Intellectual property is an important component of IT law, including copyrightrules on fair useand special rules on copy protection for digital media, and circumvention of such schemes. The area of software patents is controversialand still evolving in Europe and elsewhere.
In various countries, areas of the computing and communication industries are regulated — often strictly — by governmental bodies. There are rules on the uses to which computers and computer networks may be put, in particular there are rules on unauthorized accessdata privacy and spamming.
There are also limits on the use of encryption and of equipment which may be used to defeat copy protection schemes. The export of hardware and software between certain states within the United States is also controlled.
There are laws on censorship versus freedom of expression, rules on public access to government information, and individual access to information held on them by private bodies.
There are laws on what data must be retained for law enforcement, and what may not be gathered or retained, for privacy reasons. In certain circumstances and jurisdictions, computer communications may be used in evidence, and to establish contracts. New methods of tapping and surveillance made possible by computers have wildly differing rules on how they may be used by law enforcement bodies and as evidence in court.
Computerized voting technology, from polling machines to internet and mobile-phone voting, raise a host of legal issues. Some states limit access to the Internet, by law as well as by technical means. Jurisdiction[ edit ] Issues of jurisdiction and sovereignty have quickly come to the fore in the era of the Internet.
Jurisdiction is an aspect of state sovereignty and it refers to judicial, legislative and administrative competence. Although jurisdiction is an aspect of sovereignty, it is not coextensive with it.
The laws of a nation may have extraterritorial impact extending the jurisdiction beyond the sovereign and territorial limits of that nation. This is particularly problematic as the medium of the Internet does not explicitly recognize sovereignty and territorial limitations.
There is no uniform, international jurisdictional law of universal application, and such questions are generally a matter of conflict of lawsparticularly private international law.
An example would be where the contents of a web site are legal in one country and illegal in another. In the absence of a uniform jurisdictional code, legal practitioners are generally left with a conflict of law issue.
Those who favor the latter view often feel that government should leave the Internet community to self-regulate.
John Perry Barlowfor example, has addressed the governments of the world and stated, "Where there are real conflicts, where there are wrongs, we will identify them and address them by our means. We are forming our own Social Contract. This governance will arise according to the conditions of our world, not yours.
Our world is different".
|Essay title: Homeland Security||Free college writing help Theoretical and Conceptual Knowledge of the Department of Homeland Security Security threats that the world faces today are varied.|
|Propaganda of the deed At the end of the 19th century, Russia, Europe and the United States were confronted to a new radical movement which engaged in violent and illegal acts. This movement was first created in Tsarist Russiawhere young intellectuals, sometimes staunch positivistsbegan to engage in a violent struggle against the Czar.|
|Iqbal Sacranie, secretary general of the Muslim Council of Britain, urged the prime minister to use his influence to "avert the destruction of an important Muslim country" and warned of deep cynicism among British Muslims about the motives for the war on terror. In a letter to No 10, Mr Sacranie described the plans for war as a "colonial policy".|
|Homeland Security Homeland Security When we pause to think about all that has happened in years past, we truly are lucky.|
Human civilization is developing its own collective mind. All we want is to be free to inhabit it with no legal constraints. Since you make sure we cannot harm you, you have no ethical right to intrude our lives. With the internationalism of the Internet, jurisdiction is a much more tricky area than before, and courts in different countries have taken various views on whether they have jurisdiction over items published on the Internet, or business agreements entered into over the Internet.
This can cover areas from contract law, trading standards and tax, through rules on unauthorized accessdata privacy and spamming to more political areas such as freedom of speech, censorship, libel or sedition.
Certainly, the frontier idea that the law does not apply in " Cyberspace " is not true. In fact, conflicting laws from different jurisdictions may apply, simultaneously, to the same event. The Internet does not tend to make geographical and jurisdictional boundaries clear, but Internet users remain in physical jurisdictions and are subject to laws independent of their presence on the Internet.
So a user in one of the United States conducting a transaction with another user in Britain through a server in Canada could theoretically be subject to the laws of all three countries as they relate to the transaction at hand. Thus, in the U. This system runs into conflicts, however, when these suits are international in nature.
Simply put, legal conduct in one nation may be decidedly illegal in another. In fact, even different standards concerning the burden of proof in a civil case can cause jurisdictional problems. For example, an American celebrity, claiming to be insulted by an online American magazine, faces a difficult task of winning a lawsuit against that magazine for libel.
But if the celebrity has ties, economic or otherwise, to England, he or she can sue for libel in the British court system, where the standard of "libelous speech" is far lower. Internet law[ edit ] The law that regulates the Internet must be considered in the context of the geographic scope of the Internet and political borders that are crossed in the process of sending data around the globe.
The unique global structure of the Internet raises not only jurisdictional issues, that is, the authority to make and enforce laws affecting the Internet, but also questions concerning the nature of the laws themselves.The Politics of Security in a Democracy.
Terrorism causes fear, and we overreact to that fear. Our brains aren't very good at probability and risk analysis. The Department of Homeland Security The Department of Homeland Security is an agency made up of 22 different federal agencies which were combined in an effort to streamline the United States effectiveness in defending our nation.
Scholarship Descriptions The McGaughey Family Scholarship: The McGaughey Family Scholarship seeks to identify and recognize outstanding recipients pursuing scholastic study in fields related to Alliance Building, Counterintelligence, Cultural Understanding, and National Security studies. Terrorism and homeland security Essay The region around the Persian Gulf has been the focus of world attention during the Iran-Iraq war () and the gulf war when Iraq invaded Kuwait but was expelled by American forces.
The mission statement of this group is to prevent terrorist attacks within the United States, reduce America's vulnerability to terrorism, and minimize the damage and recover from attacks that do occur (Homeland Security Actions)/5(1). An essay written by Mike Gallagher titled “President Obama: It Was You” uses President Obama’s support for Islam to explain why the president did not attend anti-terrorism rallies after the attack on Charlie Hebdo in Paris.