Nonconforming product procedure

This part prescribes policies and procedures unique to the acquisition of commercial items. Dod component see Deviation below When a policy in another part of the FAR is inconsistent with a policy in this part, this part 12 shall take precedence for the acquisition of commercial items.

Nonconforming product procedure

Even organizations with virtually no management systems will have at least a semblance of methods for controlling nonconformities.

Nonconforming product procedure

However, that doesn't mean effective methods nor even ones that would pass muster during an ISO In fact, effective, user-friendly methods for controlling nonconforming products are quite rare.

A system for controlling nonconformities is, by its very nature, defensive. Its purpose is to contain nonconformities and prevent them from reaching customers. Implementing a great system won't make an organization world-class. On the other hand, a poor system can cause very serious problems, and possibly even lead to the organization's demise.

Therefore, it makes sense to construct an effective system that everybody will use and understand.

FAR -- Part 12 Acquisition of Commercial Items

Despite this, much confusion exists about the full range and scope of control. What is a nonconforming product? First, it may be useful to define exactly what a nonconforming product is. For such a product to exist, one or more of the following conditions must be present: By definition, nonconforming products result from verification, inspection or test activities.

If these don't exist at a particular stage of product realization, then nonconforming products don't exist either. Organizations shouldn't abuse this by claiming they're not performing verification when they really are.

Formal verification activities are very easily recognized by auditors. More important, an organization is playing the business version of Russian roulette when it tries to circumvent nonconforming product procedures for the sake of convenience.

Removing a product from the material flow or product realization process. If a product's condition is such that it can be handled in the normal production flow, then the organization may elect to handle the product outside its nonconforming product procedures.

This only works if there are formal verification activities that take place downstream in the production process. Operating conditions intended to produce conforming products. If process conditions aren't intended to produce conforming products, then the organization may handle the results of these processes outside its nonconforming product procedures.

An example might be a production line that unavoidably produces a certain amount of start-up scrap. The scrap is simply part of getting the process up to normal operating conditions.

The organization could elect to handle this product outside of its procedures for nonconforming products, especially when the scrap or waste in no way resembles conforming product.

Trouble arises when the scrap or waste looks exactly like conforming product, as it does in many industries, such as chemical manufacturing. In these cases, potential misidentification outweighs other factors and makes nonconforming product procedures a necessity. Risk to the organization.

Regardless of any other considerations, an organization can decide that the business risk or potential liability is great enough to treat products as nonconforming at any particular stage of the process.


Regardless of ISO Even given these guidelines, an organization may discover a considerable amount of gray area regarding what is or isn't nonconforming product. This is only natural and a reflection of the real-life complexities of business.

The organization must look objectively at its own operations, analyze its unique risk factors and decide what will be included within its system for nonconforming products.

Personalize your experience by selecting your country:

Some situations will be quite obvious, and others won't. As a last resort, the organization can always contact its registrar for an interpretation. But, remember, these interpretations are only opinions, and common sense should always prevail.

Identifying nonconforming products The first requirement for nonconforming products in ISO Simply put, an organization must identify products that don't conform to requirements.

This is an extension of the requirement for identifying all products by suitable means throughout product realization. Everything must be identified, period.

The standard, however, doesn't prescribe any particular methods of identifying nonconforming products.

Control of Nonconforming Product

Indeed, it can take many forms, all of which have their place:Statistical procedures for the Medical Device Industry satisfying Code of Federal Regulation 21CFR, Part Quality System Regulations, and ISO , Medical devices - Quality management systems - Requirements for regulatory purposes.

Document Part No. Rev Page 1 of 11 INCOMING INSPECTION PROCEDURE All printed copies of this document are uncontrolled – Document Control System contains the most current revision.


t t t ice al rs f aff t. Weather and Environmental Services - QMS Manual Document Title: Management of nonconforming process, product and service Document Owner: Firstname Surname. Corrective and Preventive Action – Background & Examples Presented by: Kimberly Lewandowski-Walker Food and Drug Administration Division of .

Nov 25,  · The purpose of the corrective and preventive action subsystem is to collect information, analyze information, identify and investigate product and quality problems, and take appropriate and.

Putting the wraps on nonconforming products