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Ethnic division[ edit ] The civil war can be connected to the British colonial amalgamation in of Northern and Southern Nigeria. Intended for better administration due to the close proximity of these protectorates, the change did not account for the great difference in the cultures and religions of the peoples in each area.
After the amalgamation, oil was discovered in Eastern Nigeria now Southern Nigeria.
Competition for its associated wealth led to the struggle for control amongst the regions. As southern Nigeria was not as united as the north, it was disadvantaged in the power struggle. Yakubu Gowon emerged as the head of state.
During his tenure, killing of Easterners in the north continued; several retaliatory actions took place, eventually resulting in the Biafran war. InNigeria had a population of 60 million people, made up of more than differing ethnic and cultural groups.
More than fifty years earlier, the United Kingdom had carved an area out of West Africa containing hundreds of different ethnic groups and unified it, calling it Nigeria. Although these groups have their own homelands, by the s, the people were dispersed across Nigeria, with all three ethnic groups represented substantially in major cities.
When the war broke out inthere were still 5, Igbos in Lagos. This Sultan was regarded as the source of all political power and religious authority. The Yoruba political system in the southwest, like that of the Hausa-Fulani, also consisted of a series of monarchs, the Oba. The Yoruba monarchs, however, were less autocratic than those in the North.
The political and social system of the Yoruba accordingly allowed for greater upward mobilitybased on acquired rather than inherited wealth and title.
In contrast to the two other groups, the Igbo in the southeast lived mostly in autonomous, democratically organised communities, although there were eze or monarchs in many of the ancient cities, such as the Kingdom of Nri.
In its zenith the Kingdom controlled most of Igbo land, including influence on the Anioma peopleArochukwu which controlled slavery in Igboand Onitsha land. Unlike the other two regions, decisions within the Igbo communities were made by a general assembly in which men and women participated.
The Hausa-Fulani commoners, having contact with the political system only through a village head designated by the Emir or one of his subordinates, did not view political leaders as amenable to influence. Political decisions were to be submitted to.
As with all other authoritarian religious and political systems, leadership positions were given to persons willing to be subservient and loyal to superiors.
A chief function of this political system in this context was to maintain conservative values, which caused many Hausa-Fulani to view economic and social innovation as subversive or sacrilegious.
In contrast to the Hausa-Fulani, the Igbo often participated directly in the decisions which affected their lives. They had a lively awareness of the political system and regarded it as an instrument for achieving their personal goals.No Longer at Ease - No Longer at Ease The story explores the conflicts in Obi Okonkwo's life.
He is a young man from Eastern Nigeria who has to .
The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database has information on almost 36, slaving voyages that forcibly embarked over 10 million Africans for transport to the Americas between the sixteenth and nineteenth centuries. The Center for Civic Engagement at Bard College embodies the fundamental belief that education and civil society are inextricably linked.
In an age of information overload, it is more important than ever that citizens be educated and trained to think critically and be . The profound effects of colonialism and its legacies on African cultures have led postcolonial scholars of recent African literature to characterize contemporary African novels as, first and foremost, responses to colonial domination by the West.
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By literary theory we refer not to the meaning of a work of literature but to the theories that reveal what literature can mean. History of African Philosophy. This article traces the history of systematic African philosophy from the early s to date.
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