Learn how and when to remove this template message In keeping with the church's teaching on universality and with the Nicene Creed, Orthodox authorities such as Saint Raphael of Brooklyn have insisted that the full name of the church has always included the term " Catholic ", as in "Holy Orthodox Catholic Apostolic Church". From ancient times through the first millennium, Greek was the most prevalent shared language in the demographic regions where the Byzantine Empire flourished, and Greek, being the language in which the New Testament was written, was the primary liturgical language of the church. For this reason, the eastern churches were sometimes identified as "Greek" in contrast to the "Roman" or "Latin" church, which used a Latin translation of the Bibleeven before the great schism. After"Greek Orthodox" or "Greek Catholic" marked a church as being in communion with Constantinople, much as "Catholic" did for communion with Rome.
The mostly Eastern liturgical family of Christianity Sponsored link. It is orthodox, but not Jewish. It is catholic, but not Roman.
It isn't non-denominational - it is pre-denominational. It has believed, taught, preserved, defended and died for the Faith of the Apostles since the Day of Pentecost 2, years ago. Recognize the the Patriarch of Constantinople as first among four equals.
Accept the validity of the first seven Ecumenical Councils. Regard Orthodoxy as the true Church of Christ on Earth. It consists of churches in: Ten countries where Eastern Orthodoxy is the dominant religious body: A dozen countries where Orthodoxy plays a smaller role: Scattered presence in other countries.
Various estimates of the total number of adherents in Orthodox churches run from million 1 to as high as million. Several North American Orthodox dioceses which report directly to the headquarters of an Orthodox faith group in another country.
Several North American Orthodox dioceses which respond to a North American headquarters which reports directly to the headquarters of an Orthodox faith group in another country. Several individual parishes coordinated by a diocesan center in another country.
Consecrated bishops are the chief ecclesiastical officers in each diocese. They, in turn, ordain priests.
The church believes in the Apostolic Succession -- that the consecration of its bishops can be traced continuously back to Jesus' apostles.
We do not yet have significant coverage of Orthodox beliefs and practices in this web site. For Orthodox liturgy, prayers, icons, beliefs, news, etc. The term "Orthodox," when capitalized, usually refers to the group of Orthodox Christian faith groups mentioned above.
Other times, particularly when not capitalized, the word "orthodox" can mean normal, authoritative, mainline, or correct.
For example, religious essays often refer to "orthodox Christian beliefs" to refer to beliefs held in common by a broad range of Christian faith groups in past centuries.
Orthodox Church is often referred to as the Eastern Orthodox Church. This is not strictly true, because not all Orthodox churches are eastern. They refer to their organization as the "Holy Orthodox Church", or the "Orthodox Church of the East", of by the name of the specific church, such as "Greek Orthodox", or "Russian Orthodox.This classic, English-language work on the Russian Orthodox Church covers the history of Orthodoxy in Russia, the elements of Orthodox liturgical worship, the piety of individual Orthodox Christians, the organization of Orthodox hierarchy, and the relationship between the Russian church and other Christian communions in the early twentieth century.
Jun 11, · Today, many Orthodox Churches (with the exception of Jerusalem, Russia, Serbia, and Mount Athos) use the New, Gregorian Calendar for fixed feasts and holy .
The Eastern Orthodox Church is the second largest single Christian communion in the world with an estimated - million members worldwide. Russia professes a particular form of Christianity - Orthodoxy (there are more than 80% of Orthodox believers in Russia) that began when the Roman Empire recognizing Christianity as state religion was divided into Western and Eastern.
“Orthodox resurgence: Civil religion in Russia” by John P. Burgess is reprinted with permission in a modified version from the June 16, issue of the Christian Century.
RELIGION IN EASTERN EUROPE XXIX, 2 (May ) page 1. It is said that Vladimir saw in the Christian religion a means of uniting all his subjects, and the influence of his righteous grandmother and an inner longing to find the one true religion led him, after an investigation of the major monotheistic religions, to Orthodox Christianity.