Unlike most of the Pre-Socratic philosophers who came before him, who were much more interested in establishing how the world works, Socrates was more concerned with how people should behave, and so was perhaps the first major philosopher of Ethics. He is considered by some as the very antithesis of the Sophists of his day, who claimed to have knowledge which they could transmit to others often for paymentarguing instead that knowledge should be pursued for its own sake, even if one could never fully possess it.
In this way Plato lets us know that he was an eyewitness of the trial and therefore in the best possible position to write about it. The other account we have of the trial, that of Xenophona contemporary of Socrates, is of a very different character.
We know that Xenophon was not present as a live witness.
Socrates (c. - B.C.) was a hugely important Greek philosopher from the Classical period (often known as the Socratic period in his honor). Unlike most of the Pre-Socratic philosophers who came before him, who were much more interested in establishing how the world works, Socrates was more concerned with how people should behave, and so was perhaps the first major philosopher of Ethics. BECK index WISDOM OF GREECE, ISRAEL, ROME Contents Introduction to Plato's Apology. The trial of Socrates occurred in spring of the year BC. He was judged by a jury of Athenian men. BibMe Free Bibliography & Citation Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard.
Of greater importance is the fact that the two Apologys agree in many details. They agree about what the charges against Socrates were: There is no reason to suppose that Xenophon had learned of these aspects of the trial from Plato. His agreement with Plato about these matters assures us that they are not fabrications.
It would not have been impossible for Plato to have managed such a feat by taking extensive notes, comparing his memory with that of others, and gradually perfecting a rendition that aimed at replicating the original as closely as possible.
Unfortunately, there is no way to prove that Plato was striving to achieve this kind and degree of accuracy. Some scholars, in fact, have argued that Plato was engaged in a much different project: But this hypothesis is just as speculative as the supposition that Plato strove to record as accurately as possible the actual speech of Socrates.
We cannot eliminate the possibility that some parts of the speech Plato wrote were not actually delivered at the trial or were expressed rather differently. One of them, no doubt, was to defend and praise Socrates by making use of many of the points Socrates himself had offered in his speech.
But, as any reader of the work can see, Plato is at the same time using the trial and death of Socrates to condemn Athensto call upon his readers to reject the conventional life that Athens would have preferred Socrates to lead, and to choose instead the life of a Socratic philosopher. In the 4th century bce Athens had no norm of accurate reportage or faithful biography, and so Plato would have felt free to shape his material in whatever way suited his multiple aims.
Because it was Socrates he wished to praise, he had no choice but to make the Socrates of the Apology close to the original. But he would not have felt bound merely to reproduce, as best he could, the speech that Socrates delivered.
Surely the last thing Plato would have wanted his readers to do with the Apology is to ignore its philosophical, religious, and political dimensions in order to concentrate solely on its accuracy as a piece of historical reportage.BibMe Free Bibliography & Citation Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard.
But, as any reader of the work can see, Plato is at the same time using the trial and death of Socrates to condemn Athens, to call upon his readers to reject the conventional life that Athens would have preferred Socrates to lead, and to choose instead the life of a Socratic philosopher.
Introduction. The Apology of Socrates takes its name from Plato’s version of the defense speech (Greek, apologia) given by Socrates at his regardbouddhiste.com date of its composition is unknown, but the work is generally believed to have been composed after the publication of Polycrates’s Accusation of Socrates (c.
) but before Plato’s first voyage to Sicily (). The trial of Socrates ( BC) was held to determine the philosopher’s guilt of two charges: asebeia (impiety) against the pantheon of Athens, and corruption of the youth of the city-state; the accusers cited two impious acts by Socrates: “failing to acknowledge the gods that the city acknowledges” and “introducing new deities”..
The death sentence of Socrates was the legal. Socrates generally applied his method of examination to concepts that seem to lack any concrete definition; e.g., the key moral concepts at the time, the virtues of .
This lecture is a whirlwind tour through the life of Socrates.
It begins with an explanation of the Socratic problem, followed by an examination of his philosophy.