Actors are any person or entity which plays a role that is attributable in international relations. There are two kind of actors in the world of International Relations which are states and non-state actors. States are territories run by a government and have a permanent population.
Voluntary National Review Introduction In Septemberthe Member States of the United Nations committed themselves to the Agenda for Sustainable Development herein the Agenda containing 17 Goals and Targets, most of which are to be achieved by The Agenda goes much further than the Millennium Development Goals MDGsaddressing the root causes of poverty and the universal need for sustainable development that works for all people.
Encompassing universal, transformative, inclusive and integrated goals and targets that herald a historic turning point for our world, the Agenda is arguably the most comprehensive global agenda adopted since This Executive Summary outlines the Voluntary National Review of the Republic of Korea, entitled From a Model of Development Success to a Vision for Sustainable Development tentative title herein the Reviewwhich analyses the enabling environments, prospects, challenges and opportunities for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals herein the SDGs in the Republic of Korea herein the ROKand explains its best practices to share knowledge with all the stakeholders within and outside the ROK.
The Review aims to help the Member States to cooperate with and learn from each other to successfully attain the SDGs. Six main steps have been taken to produce this Review: Literature reviews and semi-structured interviews with key stakeholders of governmental, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations within and outside the ROK have been used to collect data.
Efforts toward Sustainable Development: Since its inception, the PNCSD has developed sectoral strategies for sustainable development in various areas energy, water, gender, social welfare, land, climate change, transportation, conflict management and ODA and integrated these sectoral strategies into national policies through effective coordination and consensus-building processes among different line ministries.
Since then, a series of laws and policies have been introduced to establish organizations to implement sustainable development related goals. The report is also submitted to the National Assembly. Focusing on disseminating what the ROK did rather than imposing what other countries should do, the ROK incorporates the lessons drawn from its own development experience into international development cooperation, and establishes a genuine partnership for mutual learning and sharing development lessons.
Policies and Enabling Environment for Sustainable Development Goals The government has continued its efforts to incorporate sustainable development concepts into its national and international development strategies since the early s. However, as the framework and details of goals and targets of the SDGs were solidified, the necessity for building an institutional framework that can monitor and review the process of SDGs implementation from a broader perspective that fully integrates the three pillars of the SDGs has emerged.
The government has also adopted the Road Map to Achieve National Greenhouse Gas Reduction Goals herein the Road Map in which contains detailed implementation plans to achieve the national greenhouse gas reduction goals set in Considering the impact of greenhouse gas on various aspects of development including climate change, the Road Map is expected to contribute to achieving many SDGs, particularly Goal Furthermore, the government has been implementing policy goals within the framework of the Government Policy and Governance Tasks herein the Tasks.
The Tasks include 42 economic development, 52 social development, 13 environment, and 23 governance associated goals. The government has developed policies to achieve these tasks in a way to create synergies with the SDGs.
In addition, the government has been implementing the Three Year Plan for Economic Innovation which aims at reforming the public sector, promoting a creative economy and boosting domestic demand.
It is targeting SDGs that are mainly associated with social and economic development such as fair and efficient economy, growth through innovation, and the balance between exports and domestic consumption. Its expected outcomes associated with welfare and income of the youth, women and the elderly, economic participation, and fair and transparent business environment are particularly conducive to achieving the economic and social development related SDGs such as Goal 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 10, and The government is paying special attention to the gender equality issue.
In particular, the FAGE contains reinforced policies for gender equality such as implementing quota for administrative positions in public organizations and promoting participation of women in decision making process of public, political, and economic spheres.
Last but not least, the government has established a series of laws and policy proposals to respond to the ageing population in the ROK, particularly those addressing social and economic insecurity of people in various stages of their life course.
The framework of existing government policies and plans, despite their direct and indirect relationship to the SDGs, was established before the adoption of SDGs and therefore needs to be fine-tuned accordingly to incorporate SDGs into the policies and plans.The most important IGO focused on agriculture and food.
Its site includes authoritative studies and links to statistical databases. A non-profit European organization focused on equality and mobility, this site’s sections include on migration, anti-discrimination, and integration.
International Organization for Migration Through. government seemingly see civil society actors by deﬁ-nition as political opponents—indeed, as part of the (non-governmental organization) sector then primarily com-prised two signiﬁcant groupings: international relief an important element in the political and economic.
INSTRAW is an inter-governmental organization (IGO) whose mission is: “devoted to research, training and knowledge management in partnership with governments, the United Nations System, civil society and academia to achieve gender equality and women’s empowerment.”.
Because the results present a cross-section of non-state actor roles, our study adds important nuances to our understanding of the relative strengths and weaknesses of different categories of non-state actors in climate governance. Globalization and International Relations International Relations (IR) is the study of relationships among countries, the roles of sovereign states, inter-governmental organizations (IGO), international non-governmental organizations (INGO), non-governmental organizations (NGO), and multinational corporations (MNC).
An international organization formed in to increase political and economic cooperation among member countries. The organization works on economic and social development programs, improving human rights and reducing global conflicts.