It also had two essential wings: In addition, there were several auxiliary agencies and commissions.
Visit Website Did you know? Woodrow Wilson, who had an esteemed career as an academic and university president before entering politics, did not learn to read until he was 10, likely due to dyslexia. Wilson graduated from Princeton University then called the College of New Jersey in and went on to attend law school at the University of Virginia.
After briefly practicing law in Atlanta, Georgia, he received a Ph. Wilson remains the only U. He taught at Bryn Mawr College and Wesleyan College before being hired by Princeton in as a professor of jurisprudence and politics.
From toWilson was president of Princeton, where he developed a national reputation for his educational reform policies.
Inthe Democrats nominated Wilson for president, selecting Thomas Marshallthe governor of Indianaas his vice presidential running mate. The Republican Party split over their choice for a presidential candidate: Conservative Republicans re-nominated President William Taftwhile the progressive wing broke off to form the Progressive or Bull Moose Party and nominated Theodore Rooseveltwho had served as president from to With the Republicans divided, Wilson, who campaigned on a platform of liberal reform, won electoral votes, compared to 88 for Roosevelt and eight for Taft.
He garnered nearly 42 percent of the popular vote; Roosevelt came in second place with more than 27 percent of the popular vote. He was the last American president to travel to his inauguration ceremony in a horse-drawn carriage.
Once in the White HouseWilson achieved significant progressive reform. Congress passed the Underwood-Simmons Act, which reduced the tariff on imports and imposed a new federal income tax. Other accomplishments included child labor laws, an eight-hour day for railroad workers and government loans to farmers.
Additionally, Wilson nominated the first Jewish person to the U. Supreme CourtLouis Brandeiswho was confirmed by the Senate in On May 7,a German submarine torpedoed and sank the British ocean liner Lusitaniakilling more than 1, people including Americans.
Wilson continued to maintain U. Although the president had advocated for peace during the initial years of the war, in early German submarines launched unrestricted submarine attacks against U.
Around the same time, the United States learned about the Zimmerman Telegram, in which Germany tried to persuade Mexico to enter into an alliance against America. The agreement included the charter for the League of Nationsan organization intended to arbitrate international disputes and prevent future wars.
Wilson had initially advanced the idea for the League in a January speech to the U. In September of that year, the president embarked on a cross-country speaking tour to promote his ideas for the League directly to the American people.
On the night of September 25, on a train bound for Wichita, KansasWilson collapsed from mental and physical stress, and the rest of his tour was cancelled.
On October 2, he suffered a stroke that left him partially paralyzed. Both times it failed to gain the two-thirds vote required for ratification. The League of Nations held its first meeting in January ; the United States never joined the organization. The era of Prohibition was ushered in on January 17,when the 18th Amendment, banning the manufacture, sale and transportation of alcohol, went into effect following its ratification one year earlier.
InWilson vetoed the National Prohibition Act or Volstead Actdesigned to enforce the 18th Amendment; however, his veto was overridden by Congress. Prohibition lasted untilwhen it was repealed by the 21st Amendment. Also inAmerican women gained the right to vote when the 19th Amendment became law that August; Wilson had pushed Congress to pass the amendment.
He and a partner established a law firm, but poor health prevented the president from ever doing any serious work. Wilson died at his home on February 3,at age Start your free trial today.1 January || The name "United Nations" is coined. The name "United Nations", coined by United States President Franklin D.
Roosevelt was first used in the Declaration by United Nations of 1. The main aims of the League were disarmament across nations, preventing war through collective security of the international community, settling disputes between countries through negotiation, and improving welfare of people around the globe.
League of Nations and the Treaty of Versailles. Unit 1. STUDY. PLAY. The League of Nations did almost nothing to solve this crisis. Lytton Commission. Lytton wrote a report stating that Japan were wrong to invade Manchuria.
Abyssinian Crisis. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization celebrated an important milestone in For over 50 years now, NATO has existed as a symbol of the solidarity of Western nations. Despite support by President Woodrow Wilson, the U.S. Senate rejected the Treaty of Versailles and Wilson's proposed League of Nations, which aimed to create stability in post WWI Europe.
Over the next two decades, the United States would sit on the sidelines as the underlying international tensions escalated to an even bloodier, more devastating clash. The Settlement. The deliberations at Paris were signed as a treaty in a ceremony just outside Paris, at Versailles, on 28 June , and became known at the Treaty of Versailles.